Dry needling is a very common term used to describe the insertion of a needle for pain relief and muscle relaxation. The term dry is used because no anaesthetic is injected (wet needling) into the trigger point of a muscle. Acupuncture needles are used vs hollow hypodermic needles to reduce the risk of haematomas or bruising.
Intramuscular Stimulation (IMS)
Intramuscular stimulation (IMS) is a perpendicular dry needling technique, deep into the motor points and muscular tendinous junctions to release muscle shortening. It is effective but may be painful.
Gokavi Transverse Technique (GTT)
GTT is an acupuncture technique that combines dry needling with high frequency electrical stimulation to treat and manage chronic muscle pain and tightness. GTT is a two step process. First needles are inserted in a specific transverse direction to form a special enclosed circuit. These needles are then electrically stimulated at two different high frequencies causing relaxation of the muscles and analgesic of the area to be treated. The second part, dry needling, is done in a transverse direction. The muscle is more relaxed allowing the therapist to lift the muscle up and needle it transversely through its entire thickness and length, releasing spasms and trigger points.
The transverse needling makes the procedure safe, reliable and effective. The anaesthetic effect reduces pain and improves patient tolerance to dry needling.
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